“Qul huwwa Allahu ahad” is equivalent to a third of the Qur’an

ikhlas 112.1

Imam Ahmad recorded from Ubayy bin Ka’b that the idolators said to the Prophet, “O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord.” So Allah revealed:

{ Say: “He is Allah, [The] One. Allah He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is none comparable to Him.” }  Al-‘Ikhlas 112:1-4

Similar was recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Jarir and they added in their narration that he said,

“(As-Samad) is One Who does not give birth, nor was He born, because there is nothing that is born except that it will die, and there is nothing that dies except that it leaves behind inheritance, and indeed Allah does not die and He does not leave behind any inheritance. { And there is none comparable to Him. } This means that there is none similar to Him, none equal to Him and there is nothing at all like Him.”

Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded it and At-Tirmidhi mentioned it as a Mursal narration. Then At-Tirmidhi said, “And this is the most correct.”

Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu Sa`id that a man heard another man reciting { Say: “He is Allah, One.” } and he was repeating over and over. So when morning came, the man went to the Prophet and mentioned that to him, and it was as though he was belittling it. The Prophet said, “By He in Whose Hand is my soul, verily it is equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.”

Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i also recorded it. Another Hadith Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu Sa`id, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah said to his Companions, “Is one of you not able to recite a third of the Qur’an in a single night?” This was something that was difficult for them and they said, “Which of us is able to do that, O Messenger of Allah”

So he replied, “Allah is the One, “As-Samad” is a third of the Qur’an.” Al-Bukhari was alone in recording this Hadith.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Chapter 112: Surat Al-Ikhlas, Verses 1-4)

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