The more aware a Muslim is of Allah’s Magnificence, the greater shall be the terror in his heart for his punishment and hope of His Mercy

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Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “I see what you do not see and I hear what you do not hear; heaven has squeaked, and it has right to do so. By Him, in Whose Hand my soul is, there is not a space of four fingers in which there is not an angel who is prostrating his forehead before Allah, the Exalted. By Allah, if you knew what I know, you would laugh little, weep much, and you would not enjoy women in beds, but would go out to the open space beseeching Allah.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary:
1. This Hadith also highlights the importance of fear of Allah because the more awareness a Muslim has of the Majesty and Magnificence of Allah, the greater shall be the terror in his heart for His punishment and hope of His Mercy. With this state of mind, he will perform greater acts of obedience and abstain more rigidly from sins.

2. The Hadith also mentions the heaven teeming with angels who are all the time prostrating before Allah in worship. When this is the condition of the angels, who do not slack for a moment in the obedience of Allah, how important it is for man to worship Him because he is all the time violating commands of Allah. It is, therefore, incumbent on man to obey Allah and always seek His Help and Refuge.

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 50, Hadith 406]

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The least tortured man on the Day of Resurrection will think that he is the most tortured when he is not

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Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The least tortured man on the Day of Resurrection is one underneath whose feet will be placed two live coal, and his brain will be boiling, and he would think that he is the most tortured, while he is the least tortured.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:

According to the narration in Muslim, the straps of shoes to be worn by the inhabitants of Hell would be of fire which will make their brains boil like a cooker placed in an oven. Some narrators have stated that the man alluded to will be Abu Talib, the real uncle of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his most kind and sympathetic supporter. But since he had died as a polytheist, he will be sent to Hell. May Allah save us from it.

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 50, Hadith 398]

Virtues of the Day of Arafah

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Praise be to Allah The Exalted.

The Day of Arafat is like a small gathering to a great rehearsal. It is one of the greatest mercies of Allah that He gives every pilgrim the chance to rehearse the Day of Judgement, the day of the great gathering.

The Ihram clothing removes all differences of wealth, importance or social status and then everybody is just by himself, just the way we will be buried one day.

“And every one of them will come to Him alone (without any helper, or protector or defender).” (Maryam 19:95)

Pilgrims stream to the place of gathering as all humans will do on the day of resurrection

“Then unto their Lord they all shall be gathered.” (Al-An’am 6:38)

Here, we face our Lord in silent prayer and we ask Him for forgiveness for all our sins. It is a situation where people present their lives, their good deeds and their bad deeds to their Lord. Many realize that they showed up unprepared, empty handed.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Nothing will be placed in the balance on the day of Resurrection which will weigh more heavily than good manner and attitude.”

“I created not the jinn and mankind except to worship Me alone.” (adh-Dhariyat 51:56)

On Arafat Day, Allah gives us the chance to experience how it will be like on the Day of Judgement when we have to give account for our lives.

“And warn them O’ Muhammad of the day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while now they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not!” (Maryam 19:39)

Arafat shows us the reality of life. This worldly life is just temporary and it is not proper for any human being to be forgetful about Paradise and Hellfire. In order to save us from the hellfire, we need to accept and live by the teachings of the Glorious Qur’an and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).

Islam does not only bring the message of the Hereafter; it is intended to guide us in this life. At the end of the Day of Arafat all pilgrims leave in one direction, going towards Muzdallifa. On the day of Judgment this will be different. Some will go to Paradise, but the fast majority will go to hellfire. Arafat is the reminder to choose our destination, before it is too late.

“And we created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them without purpose! That is the consideration of those who disbelieve! Then woe to those who disbelieve from the fire!

Shall We treat those who believe and do righteous good deeds as those who associate partners in worship with Allah and commit crimes on earth?

Or shall we treat the pious as the disbelievers?” (Sad 38:27-28)

Because the day of Arafat serves as a yearly reminder to us about the final day of Judgement, it is important to know what exactly are the virtues of this day. Why is it so important?

1. It is the day on which the religion was perfected and Allah’s Favor was completed

In Al-Saheehayn it was reported from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) that a Jewish man said to him, “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, there is an ayah in your Book which you recite; if it had come to us Jews, we would have taken that day as an ‘Eid (festival).” ‘Umar said, “Which aayah?” He said: This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [al-Ma’idah 5:3 – interpretation of the meaning]. ‘Umar said, “We know on which day and in which place that was revealed to the Prophet (ﷺ). It was when he was standing in ‘Arafah on a Friday.”

2. It is a day of Eid for the people who are in that place

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: Yawm ‘Arafaah (the day of ‘Arafah),Yawm al-Nahr (the Day of Sacrifice) and Ayyaam al-Tashreeq (the 3 days following Yawm al-Nahr) are Eid (festival) for us, the people of Islam. These are days of eating and drinking.” This was narrated by the authors of al-Sunan. It was reported that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said: “It – i.e., the ayahThis day I have perfected…’ was revealed on a Friday, the Day of ‘Arafah, both of which – praise be to Allah – are Eids for us.” 

3. It is a day by which Allah swore an oath

The Almighty cannot swear by anything except that which is mighty. Yawm ‘Arafah is the “witnessed day” mentioned in the ayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“By the witnessing day [Friday] and by the witnessed day [the Day of ‘Arafah].”  [al-Burooj 85:3].

It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “The promised day is the Day of Resurrection, the witnessed day is the Day of ‘Arafah, and the witnessing day is Friday.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and classed as sahih by al-Albaani)

It is the “odd” [i.e., odd-numbered, Witr] by which Allah swore in the ayah (interpretation of the meaning):

And by the even and the odd” [al-Fajr 89:3]. Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The even is the Day of al-Adha [i.e., 10thDhoo’l-Hijjah] and the odd is the Day of ‘Arafah [i.e., 9th Dhoo’l-Hijjah].” This is also the view of ‘Ikrimah and al-Dahhaak.

4. Fasting on this day is an expiation for two years

It was reported from Abu Qutadah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” (Narrated by Muslim)

This (fasting) is mustahabb (recommended) for those who are not on Hajj. In the case of the one who is on Hajj, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the Day of ‘Arafah, because the Prophet (ﷺ) did not fast on this day in ‘Arafah. It was narrated that he forbade fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah in ‘Arafah.

5. It is the day on which Allah took the covenant from the progeny of Adam

It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said: “Allah took the covenant from the loins of Adam in Na’man, i.e., ‘Arafah. He brought forth from his loins all his offspring and spread them before Him, then He addressed them, and said: ‘Am I not your Lord? They said, ‘Yes, we testify,’ let you should say on the Day of Resurrection: ‘Verily, we have been unaware of this.’ Or lest you should say: ‘It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allah, and we were (merely their) descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Baatil (i.e., plolytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allaah)?’ [al-A’raf 7:172-173 – interpretation of the meaning].” Narrated by Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani. And there is no greater day than this and no greater covenant than this.

6. It is the day of forgiveness of sins, freedom from the Fire and pride in the people who are there:

In Sahih Muslim it was narrated from ‘A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “There is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of ‘Arafah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’”

 It was reported from Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Allah expresses His pride to His angels at the time of ‘Ishaa’ on the Day of ‘Arafah, about the people of ‘Arafah. He says, ‘Look at My slaves who have come unkempt and dusty.’” Narrated by Ahmad and classed as sahih by al-Albaani.

 And Allah knows best.

The Danger of Approaching a Fortune Teller

 

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The Prophet Muhammad laid down principles which clearly forbade any form of visitation of fortune tellers. Safiyyah related from some of the Prophet’s wives that he said: “The Salah (Prayer) of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him (the fotuneteller)  anything, will not be accepted for 40 days and nights.” [1]

The punishment in this hadith is for simply approaching a fortuneteller and asking him questions out of curiosity. This prohibition is is further supported by Mu’awiyah ibn al-Hakam as-Salami’s hadith, in which he said: “O Messenger of Allah, verily there are some people among us who visit oracles.” The Prophet replied, “Do not go to them.” [2]

A variation in narration was:

Mu’awiya b. al-Hakam as-Sulami reported: I said: “Messenger of Allah, there were things we used to do in the pre-Islamic days. We used to visit Kahins,” whereupon he said: “Don’t visit Kahins.” I said: “We used to take omens.” He said: “That is a sort of personal whim of yours, so let it not prevent you (from doing a thing).”

Such a severe punishment has been assigned for only visitation because it is the first step to belief in fortunetelling. If one went there doubtful about its reality, and some of the fortuneteller’s predictions come true, one will surely become a true devotee of the fotuneteller and an ardent believer in fortunetelling.

The individual who approaches a fortuneteller is still obliged to perform his compulsory prayers throughout the 40 day period, even though he gets no reward from it.  If he abandons his salah all together, he has committed another major sin. [3]

Believing in fortunetellers and believing that they have knowledge of the future or unseen is kufr (disbelief). This is because such a belief assigns to creation some of Allah’s divine attributes with regard to the knowledge of the unseen. Consequently, it destroys Tawhid Al-Asma was-Sifat (the Unification of Allah’s Names and Attributes), and represents a form of Shirk (the gravest of sins), in this aspect of Tawhid.

Abu Hurayrah and Al-Hasan reported from the Prophet that he said, “Whosoever approaches a fortuneteller and believes in what he says, has believed in what was revealed to Muhammad.” [4]

Some activities that have become so common these days that fall under the category of fortunetelling are:

  • reading/watching/listening to fortuneteller predictions
  • buying and reading books on astrology and zodiac signs in magazines
  • fortune cookies
  • palm-reading

For any person to predict anything, as in the case of weather forecasters and doctors of pregnant weomen, they should take care to add the phrase insha’Allah (if Allah so wishes), as their statements of prediction are only estimations based on statistical information.

And Allah alone knows best.

 


[1] Sahih Muslim (Eng. Trans.), p. 1211, no. 5540

[2] Sahih Muslim (Eng. Trans.), p. 1209, no. 5532

[3] Philips, B. The Fundamentals of Tawheed. p. 102

[4] Collected by Ahmad, Sunan Abu Dawud (Eng. Trans.), vol. 3, p. 1095, no. 3895

[throughbitsnpcs] nothing prevents predestination

The Prophet gave glad tidings to a man who was inspired with du’a so that he would be among those who would receive the Mercy of Allah. He (the Prophet) said:

“If the gates of du’a are opened by man, the gates of mercy will be opened before him. And the most beloved thing for which Allah loves to be asked is safety.” [Tirmidhi and Hakim]

The supplicant also received glad tidings from the Prophet that Allah would keep him safe and he would have the privilege of du’a being a weapon to fight the enemies and defend himself with:

“Du’a is a weapon of a believer, a pillar of religion, and a light of the
heavens and the Earth.” [Hakim]

The Prophet also gave glad tidings to the person who supplicates to Allah so that his supplication would be answered and that his approach towards Allah would be accepted.

Allah is Ever-Merciful and Ever-Generous to the extent that when man lifts his hands skyward (invoking Allah), He dislikes replying without rewarding him.

The Prophet explained also how the answer for du’a can be achieved. The answer, whether spontaneous or delayed, is good for the supplicant. Thus his du’a is ultimately beneficial for him. The Prophet said:

“If a Muslim invokes Allah I for other than sin or the severing of relations, Allah I in turn responds to his Du’a in one of three ways; either He accepts it (and grants what was asked for),or He delays its reward to the Hereafter, or He removes a calamity from him that equals his Du’a (in magnitude). The Companions said, “ We will then supplicate often.” The Prophet r replied, “Allah I will reward you greatly.” [Ahmad, Bazzar, Abu Ya’la and Hakim]

Du’a prevents calamities and lightens Allah’s will through Allah’s will. The Prophet said:

“Precaution can never prevent predestination. Du’a surely avails in regards to what has already taken place (in terms of seeking forgiveness) and what has not yet come to pass (in terms of asking for favors). A calamity may have descended from heaven when du’a meets it. Consequently, a confrontation between them will take place until the Day of Judgement.” [Bazzar, Tibarani and Hakim]

He also said, “Nothing prevents predestination except du’a, and nothing lengthens age except righteousness.” [Tirmidhi]

The Prophet guided us to the way of answering du’a, i.e., continuous request to Allah in every time. He said, “Whoever desires to have his du’a accepted by Allah in adversity, should make frequent du’a in prosperity.” [Tirmidhi and Hakim]

“Nothing is more beloved to Allah than du’a in prosperity.” [Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban and Hakim]

These ahadith and others indicate that du’a is one of the most powerful means of preventing a calamity, du’a is an enemy to calamity. It confronts, prevents, or weakens the calamity as mentioned in the previous hadith which indicated that du’a has three stages with calamity:

1. Du’a may be stronger than calamity so it prevents its occurrence.
2. Du’a may be weaker than a calamity, then the latter would occur, but Du’a may weaken its effects.
3. A confrontation between both may take place until each one prevents the other.

However, Du’a may miss the answer for the following reasons:
i. It may be weak, e.g. it includes something that is abhorred by Allah such as aggression.
ii. The unconsciousness and inattentiveness of the heart at the time of du’a. In this case, it would be like an arrow which is shot from a soft bow. It would never reach the target. Hakim reported, in his Mustadrak, Abu Hurairah who said the Prophet said, “Invoke Allah with full conviction that He will accept your invocation and know that Allah never accepts the invocation of a heedless heart.”
iii. Consuming of Haram (Unlawful), committing sins, the indulgence in prohibited amusement and the hardened heart that shies from remembering Allah.

Therefore, du’a is a useful remedy for illness but the heedlessness of one’s heart turns it null and void.


Ref.: All about du’as and supplications.

Every child is born with a true faith of Islam

-Every new born child isborn with aninclinationto worship2

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle was asked about the offspring of the pagans. He said, “Allah knows what they would have done (were they to live).”

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Every child is born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) and his parents convert him to Judaism or Christianity or Magianism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find among their offspring a mutilated one before you mutilate them yourself?” The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! What do you think about those (of them) who die young?” The Prophet said, “Allah knows what they would have done (were they to live).”

[Sahih Bukhari, Book 8, Vol. 77, Hadith 597]