Allah swears that the Qur’an is His speech, His inspiration, and His revelation to His Messenger Muhammad

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{ So, I swear by whatsoever you see, }  Al-Haqqah 69:38.

{ And by whatsoever you see not, }  69:39

{ That this is verily the word of an honored Messenger. }  69:40

{ It is not the word of a poet, little is that you believe! }  69:41

{ Nor is it the word of a soothsayer, little is that you remember! }  69:42

{ This is the revelation sent down from the Lord of all that exists. }  69:43

Allah swears by His creation, in which some of His signs can be seen in His creatures. These also indicate the perfection of His Names and Attributes. He then swears by the hidden things that they cannot see. This is an oath swearing that the Qur’an is His Speech, His inspiration and His revelation to His servant and Messenger, whom He chose to convey His Message, and the Messenger carried out this trust faithfully.

So Allah says, { So I swear by whatsoever you see, and by whatsoever you see not, that this is verily the word of an honored Messenger. } meaning, Muhammad.

Allah gave this description to him, a description which carries the meaning of conveying, because the duty of a messenger is to convey from the sender. Therefore, Allah gave this description to the angelic Messenger in Surat At-Takwir, where he said, 

{ Verily, this is the Word of (this Qur’an brought by) a most honorable messenger. Owner of power (and high rank) with Allah, the Lord of the Throne. Obeyed and trustworthy. } (At-Takwir 81:19-21) And here, it refers to Jibril.

Then Allah says, { and your companion is not a madman. } (At-Takwir 81:22) meaning, Muhammad.

{ And indeed he saw him in the clear horizon. } (At-Takwir 81:23) meaning, Muhammad saw Jibril in his true form in which Allah created him.

{ And he is not Danin with the Unseen. } (At-Takwir 81:24) meaning, suspicious.

{ And it (the Qur’an) is not the word of the outcast Shaytan. } (At-Takwir 81:25) This is similar to what is being said here.

{ It is not the word of a poet, little is that you believe! Nor is it the word of soothsayer, little is that you remember! } So in one instance Allah applies the term messenger to the angelic Messenger and in another instance He applies it to the human Messenger (Muhammad ). This is because both of them are conveying from Allah that which has been entrusted to them of Allah’s revelation and Speech.

Thus, Allah says, { This is the revelation sent down from the Lord of all that exists. }

{ And if he had forged a false saying concerning Us, }  Al-Haqqah 69: 44

{ We surely would have seized him by his right hand, } 69:45

{ And then We certainly would have cut off Al-Watin from him, } 69:46

{ And none of you could have prevented it from him. } 69:47

{ And verily, this is a Reminder for those who have Taqwa. }  69:48

{ And verily, We know that there are some among you that deny. }  69:49

{ And indeed it will be an anguish for the disbelievers. }  69:50

{ And verily, it (this Qur’an) is an absolute truth with certainty. }  69:51

{ So, glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great. }  69:52

Allah says, { And if he had forged a false saying concerning Us, } meaning, ‘if Muhammad forged something against Us, as they claim, and added or removed anything from the Message, or said anything from himself while attributing it to Us, then We would surely be swift in punishing him. And of course, Muhammad did not do any of this (as the disbelievers claimed).’

Thus, Allah says,

{ We surely would have seized him by his right hand, } It has been said that this means, ‘We would seize him by the right hand because it is more stronger in grabbing.’

{ And then We certainly would have cut off Al-Watin from him, } Ibn `Abbas said, “It (Al-Watin) refers to the artery of the heart, and it is the vein that is attached to the heart.” This has also been said by `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Hakim, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, Muslim Al-Batin and Abu Sakhr Humayd bin Ziyad. Muhammad bin Ka`b said, “It (Al-Watin) is the heart, its blood, and whatever is near it.”

Concerning Allah’s statement, { And none of you could have prevented it from him. } means, ‘none of you would be able to come between Us and him if We wanted to do any of this to him.’

The meaning behind all of this is to say that he (Muhammad ) is truthful, righteous and guided because Allah determined what he is to convey from Him, and Allah helps him with fantastic miracles and definite proofs.

Then Allah says, { And verily, this (Qur’an) is a Reminder for those who have Taqwa.) } meaning, the Qur’an.

This is just as Allah says: { Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness (deafness) in their ears, and it (the Qur’an) is blindness for them.” } (Fussilat 41:44)

Then Allah says, { And verily, We know that there are some among you that deny (this Qur’an). } meaning, with this explanation and clarification, there will still be among you those who reject the Qur’an.

Then Allah says, { And indeed it (this Qur’an) will be an anguish for the disbelievers (on the Day of Resurrection). } Ibn Jarir said, “And verily this rejection will be anguish for the disbelievers on the Day of Judgement.” He (Ibn Jarir) also mentioned a similar statement from Qatadah. It is possible that the meaning of the pronoun (it) may also refer to the Qur’an, in which case the verse would mean that the Qur’an and belief in it are a cause of anguish for the disbelievers.

This is as Allah says: { Thus have We caused it (the denial of the Qur’an) to enter the hearts of the criminals. They will not believe in it. } (Ash-Shu’ara 26:200-201)

And Allah said: { And a barrier will be set between them and that which they desire } (Saba 34:54).

Therefore, Allah says here, { And verily, it (this Qur’an) is an absolute truth with certainty. } meaning, the right and truthful news in which there is no doubt, suspicion or confusion.

Then Allah says: { So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great. } meaning, He Who sent down this magnificent Qur’an.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Al-Haqqah (69), verses 38-52]

Likening the gods of the Idolators to the House of a Spider

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{ The parable of those who seek protectors from other than Allah is that of a spider who builds a house; but indeed, the weakest of houses is the spider’s house—if they but knew. }  Al-‘Ankabut 29:41

This is how Allah described the idolators in their reverence of gods besides Him, hoping that they would help them and provide for them, and turning to them in times of difficulties. In this regard, they were like the house of a spider, which is so weak and frail, because by clinging to these gods they were like a person who holds on to a spider’s web, who does not gain any benefit from that. If they knew this, they would not take any protectors besides Allah. This is unlike the Muslim believer, whose heart is devoted to Allah, yet he still does righteous deeds and follows the Laws of Allah, for he has grasped the most trustworthy handle that will never break because it is so strong and firm. Then Allah warns those who worship others besides Him and associate others with Him that He knows what they do and the rivals they associate with Him. He will punish them for their attribution, for He is All-Wise and All-Knowing.

{ Verily, Allah knows what things they invoke instead of Him. He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. } Al-‘Ankabut 29:42

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Surat Al-‘Ankabut, Verses 41-42]