Man Becomes Lowly Even Though He Was Created in the Best Form

[throughbitsnpcs] At-Tin (95) v4-9.png

Malik and Shu`bah narrated from `Adi bin Thabit, who narrated that Al-Bara’ bin `Azib said, “The Prophet used to recite in one of his Rak`ahs while traveling ‘At-Tin waz-Zaytun’ (Surat At-Tin), and I have never heard anyone with a nicer voice or recitation than him.” The Group has recorded this Hadith in their books.

{ By At-Tin and Az-Zaytun.}  At-Tin 95:1

{ By Tur Sinin. }  95:2

{ By this city of security.}  95:3

{ Verily, We created man in the best form. }  95:4

{ Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low. }  95:5

{ Save those who believe and do righteous deeds. }  95:6

{ Then they shall have a reward without end. }  95:7

{ Then what causes you to deny after this the Recompense? }  95:8

{ Is not Allah the best of judges? }  95:9

Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas that what is meant by At-Tin is the Masjid of Nuh that was built upon Mount Al-Judi. Mujahid said, “It is this fig that you have.”

{ By Az-Zaytun. } Ka`b Al-Ahbar, Qatadah, Ibn Zayd and others have said, “It is the Masjid of Jerusalem (Bayt Al-Maqdis).” Mujahid and `Ikrimah said, “It is this olive which you press (to extract the oil).”

{ By Tur Sinin. } Ka`b Al-Ahbar and several others have said, “It is the mountain upon which Allah spoke to Musa.”

{ By this city of security. } meaning Makkah. This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Ibn Zayd and Ka`b Al-Ahbar. There is no difference of opinion about this.nt

Some of the Imams have said that these are three different places, and that Allah sent a Messenger to each of them from the Leading Messengers, who delivered the Great Codes of Law. The first place is that of the fig and the olive, which was Jerusalem, where Allah sent `Isa bin Maryam. The second place is Mount Sinin, which is Mount Sinai where Allah spoke to Musa bin `Imran. The third place is Makkah, and it is the city of security where whoever enters is safe. It is also the city in which Muhammad was sent.

They have said that these three places are mentioned at the end of the Tawrah. The verse says, “Allah has come from Mount Sinai — meaning the one upon which Allah spoke to Musa bin `Imran; and shined from Sa`ir — meaning the mountain of Jerusalem from which Allah sent `Isa; and appeared from the mountains of Faran — meaning the mountains of Makkah from which Allah sent `Isa; and appeared from the mountains of Faran — meaning the mountains of Makkah from which Allah sent Muhammad .”

Thus, He mentioned them in order to inform about them based upon their order of existence in time. This is why He swore by a noble place, then by a nobler place, and then by a place that is the nobler than both of them.

And the Result of that Allah says:

{ Verily, We created man in the best form. } This is the subject being sworn about, and it is that Allah created man in the best image and form, standing upright with straight limbs that He beautified.

{ Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low. } meaning, to the Hellfire. This was said by Mujahid, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Al-Hasan, Ibn Zayd and others. Then after this attractiveness and beauty, their destination will be to the Hell-fire if they disobey Allah and belie the Messengers.

This is why Allah says, { Save those who believe and do righteous deeds. }

Some have said, { Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low. } “This means decrepit old age.” This has been reported from Ibn `Abbas and `Ikrimah. `Ikrimah even said, “Whoever gathers the Qur’an (i.e., he memorizes it all), then he will not be returned to decrepit old age.” Ibn Jarir preferred this explanation. Even if this was the meaning, it would not be correct to exclude the believers from this, because some of them are also overcome by the senility of old age. Thus, the meaning here is what we have already mentioned (i.e., the first view), which is similar to Allah’s saying,

{ By Al-`Asr. Verily man is in loss, except those who believe and perform righteous deeds. } (103:1-3)

Concerning Allah’s statement, { Then they shall have a reward without end. } meaning, that will not end, as we have mentioned previously.

Then Allah says, { Then what causes you to deny } meaning, ‘O Son of Adam!’

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Surat at-Tin (95), verses 1-9]

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The Covenant of the Prophets

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{ And when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you, and from Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, and `Isa son of Maryam. We took from them a strong covenant. }  Al-Ahzab 33:7

Allah tells us about the five Mighty Messengers with strong resolve and the other Prophets, how He took a covenant from them to establish the religion of Allah and convey His Message, and to cooperate and support one another, as Allah says:

{ And when Allah took the covenant of the Prophets, saying: “Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah, and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him.” Allah said: “Do you agree, and will you take up My covenant?” They said: “We agree.” He said: “Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses.” }  Al `Imran 3:81

This covenant was taken from them after their missions started. Elsewhere in the Qur’an, Allah mentions five by name, and these are the Mighty Messengers with strong resolve. They are also mentioned by name in this Ayah and in the Ayah:

{ He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion which He ordained for Nuh, and that which We have revealed to you, and that which We ordained for Ibrahim, Musa and `Isa saying you should establish religion and make no divisions in it. }  Ash-Shura 42:13

This is the covenant which Allah took from them, as He says: { And when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you, and from Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, and `Isa son of Maryam. }

This Ayah begins with the last Prophet, as a token of respect, may the blessings of Allah be upon him, then the names of the other Prophets are given in order, may the blessings of Allah be upon them. Ibn `Abbas said: “The strong covenant is Al-`Ahd (the covenant).”

{ That He may ask the truthful about their truth. And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful torment. }  Al-Ahzab 33:8

{ That He may ask the truthful about their truth. } Mujahid said: “This refers to, those who convey the Message from the Messengers.”

{ And He has prepared for the disbelievers } i.e., among their nations, { a painful torment. } i.e., agonizing. We bear witness that the Messengers did indeed convey the Message of their Lord and advised their nations, and that they clearly showed them the truth in which there is no confusion, doubt or ambiguity, even though they were rejected by the ignorant, stubborn and rebellious wrongdoers. What the Messengers brought is the truth, and whoever opposes them is misguided. As the people of Paradise will say:

{ Indeed, the Messengers of our Lord did come with the truth. }  Al-A`raf 7:43

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Surat al-Ahzab (33), verses 7-8]

The Holy Qur’an is a reminder

[throughbitsnpcs] saad (38) 45-49

Allah tells us about the virtues of His servants the Messengers and His Prophets:

{ And remember Our servants, Ibrahim, Ishaq, and Ya`qub, Ulil-Aydi wal-Absar. } meaning, righteous deeds, beneficial knowledge, strength in worship and insight.

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, { Ulil-Aydi } “of great strength and worship; { wal-Absar } means, understanding of the religion.” Qatadah and As-Suddi said, “They were given strength in worship and understanding of the religion.”

{ Verily, We did choose them by granting them the remembrance of the Abode. } Mujahid said, “This means: We made them strive for the Hereafter, and there is nothing else for them besides that.”

As-Suddi also said, “The remembrance of the Hereafter and striving for it.” Malik bin Dinar said, “Allah removed the love of this world from their hearts, and singled them out for land remembrance of the Hereafter.” Qatadah said, “They used to remind the people about the Abode of the Hereafter and to strive for it.”

{ And they are with Us, verily, of the chosen and the best! } means, they are among those who have been elected and chosen, and they are the best and the chosen ones.

{ And remember Isma`il, Al-Yasa`, and Dhul-Kifl, all are among the best. } We have already discussed their characteristics and stories in detail in Surat Al-Anbiya’, may peace be upon them, and there is no need to repeat it here.

{ This is a Reminder } means, a reminder to those who will be reminded. As-Suddi said, “This means the Holy Qur’an.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Saad (38), Verses 45-49]