Not a moment of this life should be wasted in the disobedience of Allah; One should always be conscious of his accountability to Him

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Abu Barzah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Man’s feet will not move on the Day of Resurrection before he is asked about his life, how did he consume it, his knowledge, what did he do with it, his wealth, how did he earn it and how did he dispose of it, and about his body, how did he wear it out.”
[At-Tirmidhi].
Commentary:
1. This Hadith, first of all, highlights the importance and value of this transitory life, every breath of which is invaluable. Not a moment of it should, therefore, be wasted in the disobedience of Allah because one shall also be made to account for it.
2. Man shall also be answerable for his knowledge. Here, we find an inducement for acquiring religious knowledge because that alone is beneficial for him. He should make use of his knowledge for winning the pleasure of Allah. If he does not do that then he must think about the justification for not doing so. He must also think how he would be facing Allah on the Day of Resurrection.
3. The question in respect of wealth raised in this Hadith clearly shows that one should earn wealth by legitimate means only and spend it strictly in a lawful manner. If he takes to unfair means of income or squanders it, he will be sinful and required to account for the violation of the Divine injunctions.
4. One should protect his body from everything that is unlawful and force himself to submit to the Divine injunctions. When he is asked to account for neglecting them, it will be difficult for him to escape the consequences of accountability.
In short, this Hadith makes one conscious of the accountability so that one keeps it all the time in view so that he will be saved from humiliation on the Day of Resurrection. How nice would it really be if one bears the accountability of the Day of Resurrection always in mind!
[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 50, Hadith 407]

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Allah describes the Qur’an

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{ Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other, (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah. He guides therewith whom He wills; and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide. }  Surat Az-Zumar 39:23

Here Allah praises His Book, the Noble Qur’an, which was revealed to His noble Messenger.

Allah says, { Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other (and) oft-repeated. }

Mujahid said, “This means that the entire Quran’s parts resemble each other and are oft-repeated.”

Qatadah said, “One Ayah resembles another and one letter resembles another.”

Ad-Dahhak said, “It is oft-repeated so that people will understand what their Lord tells them.”

`Ikrimah and Al-Hasan said, “There may be an Ayah in one Surah, and another Ayah in another Surah that resembles it.”

Sa`id bin Jubayr narrated from Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him: “Oft-repeated means that parts of the Qur’an resemble one another and repeat one another.” Some of the scholars said that it was narrated from Sufyan bin `Uyaynah that

{ its parts resembling each other (and) oft-repeated. } means that some passages of the Qur’an may sometimes refer to one thing, so they resemble one another, and sometimes they mention a thing and its opposite. Such as when the believers then the disbelievers are mentioned, or when Paradise then Hell are described, and so on, and this is the meaning of oft-repeated.

Examples include the Ayat:

{ Verily, the most righteous will be in delight; and verily, the most wicked will be in the blazing Fire (Hell). } Al-Infitaar 82:13-14

{ Nay! Truly, the Record of the most wicked is (preserved) in Sijjin } until { Nay! Verily, the Record of the most righteous is (preserved) in `Illiyyin}  Al-Mutaffifin 83: 7-18

{ This is a Reminder. And verily, for those who have Taqwa is a good final return (Paradise) } until { This is so! And for those who transgress, there will be an evil final return (Fire). }  Saad 38:49-55.

And there are other similar passages. All of this has to do with it being oft-repeated, i.e., when two meanings are referred to. But when a passage is about one thing, with some parts of it resembling others, this is “its parts resembling each other.” This is not the same as the Mutashabihat* mentioned in the Ayah 3:7 that refers to something else altogether:

{ In it are Ayat that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book; others not entirely clear }  Al-Imran 3:7

*Mutashabih verses are allegorical verses in the Qur’an, consistent in themselves and although obscure in meaning, cannot be questioned and their true meanings cannot be pursued. The true meaning is known only to Allah.

{ The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. } means, this is the description of the righteous, when they hear the Words of the Compeller, the Protector, the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving because they understand the promises and warnings contained therein. The frightening words and threats make their skin shiver from fear.

{ Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. } because of their hope for His mercy and kindness. They are unlike others, the wicked, immoral sinners, in a number of ways: First, They listen to the recitation of the Ayat of the Qur’an, while those (sinners) listen to poetic verse recited by female singers. Second, When the Ayat of Ar-Rahman are recited to them, they fall down in prostration weeping, with the proper attitude of fear, hope, love, understanding and knowledge, as Allah says:

{ The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Ayat are recited unto them, they increase their faith; and they put their trust in their Lord; Who perform the Salah and spend out of that We have provided them. It is they who are the believers in it. For them are grades of dignity with their Lord, and forgiveness and a generous provision (i.e., Paradise). }   At-Tawbah 8:2-4

{ And those who, when they are reminded of the Ayat of their Lord, fall not on them (as if they were) deaf and blind }  Al-Furqan 25:73.

When they hear the Ayat of Allah, they are not too busy to pay attention to them; they listen to them and understand their meanings. So they act upon them and prostrate when they hear them, out of understanding, not out of ignorance and blind following of others. Third, They adhere to the correct etiquette when they listen to them. As the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, used to do when they listened to the words of Allah recited by the Messenger of Allah . Their skin Would shiver, and their hearts would soften to the remembrance of Allah. They did not shout or do other actions that are not natural; on the contrary, they would sit quietly with the proper attitude of fear, in an unparalleled fashion. they attained the victory of praise from their Lord in this world and the Hereafter.

`Abdur-Razzaq said, “Ma`mar told us that Qatadah, may Allah have mercy on him, recited, { The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. } and said, ‘This is the characteristic of the friends of Allah; Allah has described them in this manner, saying that their skin shivers, their eyes weep and their hearts find rest to the remembrance of Allah. He did not say that they lose their minds and swoon; that is the characteristic of the followers of innovation, and that comes from the Shaytan.'”

Allah’s saying, { That is the guidance of Allah. He guides therewith whom He wills; }, means, this is the characteristic of those whom Allah has guided, and anyone who does anything different is one of those whom Allah has sent astray.

{ and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide. }

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Surat Az-Zumar 39:23]

When dealing with the Jews and Christians, do not argue with them unless it is in the politest manner, except for those of them who do wrong

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{  And argue not with the People of the Scripture, except with that which is better—except with such of them as do wrong; and say (to them): “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you; our God and your God is One, and to Him we have submitted.  }   Surat Al-Ankabut 29:46

What is meant here is that anyone who wants to find out about religion from them should argue with them in a manner that is better, as this will be more effective.

Allah says: { Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair preaching… } (An-Nahl 16:125)

And Allah said to Musa and Harun when he sent them to Fir’awn (Pharaoh): { And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear. } (Ta-Ha 20:44)

Allah says here, { except with such of them as do wrong; } meaning, those who turn away from the truth, turning a blind eye to clear evidence, being stubborn and arrogant. In this case, you should progress from debate to combat, fighting them in such a way as to deter them from committing aggression against you. Allah says:

Allah says, { Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power } until { Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty } (Al-Hadid 57:25). Jabir said: “We were commanded to strike with the sword whoever opposes the Book of Allah.”

And His saying: { and say (to them): “We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you; } means, ‘if they tell you something which you do not know to be true or false, say to them: We do not hasten to say it is a lie, because it may be true, and we do not hasten to say it is true because it may be false. We believe in it in general, under the condition that it has been revealed and has not been altered or deliberately misinterpreted.’

Imam Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, recorded that Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The People of the Book used to read the Tawrah (Torah) in Hebrew and explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Do not believe the People of the Book and do not deny them. Say: “We believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to you. Our God and your God is One, and to Him we have submitted.‘”

This Hadith was narrated only by Al-Bukhari. Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said: “How can you ask the People of the Book about anything, when your Book that was revealed to the Messenger of Allah is more recent, you read it pure and uncontaminated, it tells you that the People of the Book altered and changed the Book, that they write the Book with their own hands and then say, ‘This is from Allah,’ to purchase with it a small price. Should not the knowledge that you have, prevent you from asking them. No, by Allah, we have never seen any of them asking you about what was sent down to you.”

Al-Bukhari recorded that Humayd bin `Abdur-Rahman heard Mu`awiyah talking to a group of Quraysh in Al-Madinah. He mentioned Ka`b Al-Ahbar, and said: “He was one of the most truthful of those who narrated from the People of the Book, even though we found that some of what he said might be lies.” I say, this means that some of what he said could be classified linguistically as lies, but he did not intend to lie, because he was narrating from manuscripts which he thought were good, but they contained fabricated material, because they did not have people who were so conscientious in memorizing the Scriptures by heart as the people of this great Ummah.

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, Surat Al-Ankabut 29:46]

The least tortured man on the Day of Resurrection will think that he is the most tortured when he is not

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Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The least tortured man on the Day of Resurrection is one underneath whose feet will be placed two live coal, and his brain will be boiling, and he would think that he is the most tortured, while he is the least tortured.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:

According to the narration in Muslim, the straps of shoes to be worn by the inhabitants of Hell would be of fire which will make their brains boil like a cooker placed in an oven. Some narrators have stated that the man alluded to will be Abu Talib, the real uncle of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his most kind and sympathetic supporter. But since he had died as a polytheist, he will be sent to Hell. May Allah save us from it.

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 50, Hadith 398]

When one is fearful or anxious, he should seek the help of Allah and frequently recite “Hasbunallahu wa ni’mal Wakil”

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Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “How can I feel at ease when the Angel of the Trumpet (Israfil) has put his lips to the Trumpet and is waiting for the order to blow it.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) perceived as if this had shocked his Companions, so he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) told them to seek comfort through reciting: `Hasbunallah wa ni`mal-Wakil [Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of  affairs (for us)].”  [At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary:
1. This Hadith tells us about the fear of Allah and the fright of the Hereafter entertained by the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions. It has a lesson for us that how, in spite of being innocent and having the assurance of the forgiveness of Allah, they were always fearful of Allah and the horrors of the Day of Resurrection. As against them, we are immersed in sins, neglect and violate the Divine injunctions day and night but even then we have neither the fear of Allah nor the fright of the Day of Resurrection.

In the event of fear and anxiety one should seek the help of Allah and frequently recite the Verse of the Noble Qur’an “Hasbunallahu wa ni`mal Wakil” [Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).]  (3:173).

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 50, Hadith 409]

Jannah is an invaluable gift and until man does not sacrifice worldly life, he will not become eligible for entering it

[throughbitnpcs] the commodity of allah is jannah

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “He who is afraid of the pillage of the enemy, sets out in the early part of the night; and he who sets out early, reaches his destination. Be on your guard that the commodity of Allah is precious. Verily the commodity of Allah is Jannah.”  [At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary:

Imam At-Taibi has stated that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) mentioned this example for travelers to the Hereafter, because Satan is sitting on this passage and man’s self and his false desires are his helpers. If a person is wide-awake in his travel and exercises caution in his activities, he is not only saved from the vices of Satan, but his own false desires also do not stand in his way. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) also pointed out that the way to the Hereafter is very hard and littered with great impediments and obstructions and it is by no means easy to traverse it. Jannah is an invaluable gift and unless man gives the sacrifice of his life and wealth, he will not become eligible for entering it. “Allah has purchased the lives and properties of Muslims for Jannah.” (Tuhfatul Ahwadhi).

This Hadith encourages us to observe obedience of our Rubb and to spare no effort to desist from all acts of disobedience in order to achieve the lofty goal of entering Jannah, by Allah’s Leave.

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 50, Hadith 410]

A person will be summoned with the one whom he loves

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Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (RA reported: The Prophet (SAWS) said, “A person will be summoned with the one whom he loves.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Another narration is: The Prophet (SAWS) was asked, “What about a person who loves a people but cannot be with them?” (i.e. either he cannot attain their lofty position of righteousness or that he has not met with them in this life). He (SAWS) replied, “A person will be in the company of those whom he loves.”

Commentary:

Besides bringing to eminence the high merit of entertaining the love for the pious persons, this Hadith tells us about the Mercy and Blessings of Allah which He will shower upon those who love the pious people. Because of this love, Allah will elevate even the inferior people and include them among those whom He loves. This Hadith also serves a warning that association and love with the impious people are extremely dangerous as one can meet the same bad end which is inevitable for them. May Allah save us from it.

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 45, Hadith 368]

People are like gold and silver, and the souls are like recruited soldiers

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Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “People are like gold and silver; those who were best in Jahiliyyah (Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance) are best in Islam, if they have religious understanding; and the souls are like recruited soldiers, they get mixed up with those similar with them in qualities and oppose and drift away from those who do not share their qualities.” [Muslim]

Commentary:
1. Metals differ from each other. Some of them are precious and others worthless. Similar is the case of the people’s conduct and actions. There are people of both kinds in the world. If good persons of the pre-Islamic period (who were distinguished for their noble character) embraced Islam, and understood and acted upon the injunctions of Islam, they were entitled to the same distinction which they were holding previously (in the pre-Islamic period). There would be no reduction in their prestige and status with their conversion.

2. The words “souls are like recruited soldiers” signify the natural difference of nature and temperament in people. Those who are noble, would be introduced to the pious ones; and others who are fascinated by evil, will be introduced to the mischievous ones. People of each kind will maintain contact with their own fellows, as is indicated by a proverb:

‘Birds of a feather flock together, pigeons go with pigeons, hawks with hawks.’

Some scholars have pointed out that a person who hates the righteous people must find out its cause because it is a dangerous symptom of one’s bad end. After discovering its cause he must try to change it.

[Riyad as-Saliheen, Book of Miscellany, Chapter 45, Hadith 371]